Psychodrama uses guided drama exercises and actions from a trained therapist to explore and improve upon individual and group issues. These methods can be employed to help individuals learn how to better manage stress, improve communication methods, engage in social situations, and learn healthy coping mechanisms through group sessions. Previous emotional trauma can be explored, and individuals can learn how to improve daily life.
Some of the common tools used in psychodrama include:
Mirror: This works as a stand-in for the protagonist that can help the person to see things in a different light and from an alternative perspective.
Double: This is someone who speaks for someone else in the group, in a supportive way, when this person is either unable or unwilling to speak up.
Role reversal: Switching roles within a sociodrama in order for different people, including the protagonist, to experience things in a new and alternative way.
Future projection: Many sociodrama scenes involve experiences already lived through by one or more members; a future projection involves scenes that have yet to be experienced and that are either anticipated or hoped for.
Playback theater: One person’s particular story, or life experience, is enacted by the group spontaneously.
Psychodrama is a hands-on technique that can provide individuals with new and additional insights into themselves, their emotions, and their actions through acting, role-playing, and watching others in the group do the same. It is an active therapy method that can improve self-confidence and self-reliance to enhance how a person interacts with the world around them. By better understanding oneself, a person can better learn how to interact with others within the confines of family and other social groups.